What is the distinction between s50(2)(a) compensation and s50(2)(b) damages of the EEA and compensation when an automatically unfair dismissal, in terms of s187(1)(f) of the LRA, occurs?
In BMW (SA) (Pty) Ltd v NUMSA (2020) 31 SALLR 119 (LAC), (2020) 41 ILJ 1877 (LAC), the following approach was adopted:
LRA: automatically unfair dismissal in terms of s187(1)(f)
- compensation is to be calculated in terms of s194(3): it must be just and equitable in all circumstances but no more than 24 months’ remuneration
EEA: unfair discrimination in terms of s6
- a damages claim for actual/potential monetary loss (patrimonial/pecuniary loss)
- as well as a compensation claim for non-patrimonial loss – in essence, a solatium
SA Airways (Pty) Ltd v Janse van Vuuren (2014) 35 ILJ 2774 (LAC)
The scenario is as follows: an employee is reinstated, not to the date of his dismissal but limiting the employee’s entitlement to remuneration to 24 months. The employee argues that he or she is entitled to interest on the back pay payable for the 24-month period in terms of s75 of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1997. Is the employee, according to Mashaba and Another v Telkom SA Soc Ltd (2020) 31 SALLR 147 (LAC); (2020) 41 ILJ 2437 (LAC), entitled to be paid interest on the back pay from the date of the judgment or, alternatively, entitled to also be paid interest in respect of the periods before the judgment?
A reinstatement order does not in itself reinstate an employee. How did the labour appeal court recently, in Kubeka and Others v Ni-Da Transport (Pty) Ltd (2021) 32 SALLR 14 (LAC), determine the consequences of such order and how is such reinstatement order enforced?