Article 18/2021

Labour Edge

Employment contracts are, by their nature, reciprocal contracts.  What does this principle of reciprocity entail?

In the case of reciprocal contracts, one party undertakes to perform specifically in exchange for a particular counter-performance by the other. In such cases, the principle of reciprocity applies: the first party is not entitled to demand counter-performance from the other party unless the first party has himself or herself performed, or is prepared to perform, as the case may be. Whether the obligations are reciprocal depends on the terms of the contract, actual or implied. In each instance, it is basically a question of interpretation whether the obligations are so closely linked that there exists the relation that one was undertaken specifically in return for the other (see ‘Contract’ Vol 9 LAWSA 3rd ed paragraph 379 – By ADJ van Rensburg, JG Lotz & TAR van Rhijn (updated by RD Sharrock)).



It is settled law that one of the requirements of a lockout is that it is to be preceded by a demand from the employer in respect of a matter of mutual interest.  Does this equate to a lockout notice?

What is the purpose of a lockout?

What are the requirements to be met for an urgent application to be granted in the labour court?